Surroundings of the town are incorporated into the Protected Landscape Area of Pálava. This is a landscape complex of the Pavlov Hills and the valley of the Thaya river, protected since 1976, and included in the UNESCO list of biosphere reserves in 1976. Since 2003, Pálava has been part of the enlarged Dolní Morava biosphere reserve, which also includes the Lednice-Valtice area and floodplain forests at the confluence of the Morava and the Thaya.

In 2004, the hills were included into the European Natura 2000 system as a bird area, along with 8 more sites of European importance. On the territory of the PLA there is a number of other small protected areas. The most valuable of these include the Děvín-Kotel-Soutěska national nature reserve, and then the Mikulov area nature reserves Svatý Kopeček (Holy Hill), Turold or Šibeničník (Gallows Hill), as well as a natural monument Kočičí skála (Cat Rock).

The Protected Landscape Area of Pálava covers 83 km2, and its most valuable reserves are located on the main ridge of the Pavlov Hills, which stretch in the length of 12 km from Dolní Věstonice to Mikulov. Its highest peak is Děvín (550 m). The dry and warm climate of this area is related not only to the widespread growing of wine grapes, but there are also numerous species of plants which are inexistent elsewhere in the Czech Republic. Quite exceptional is the occurrence of carnation dianthus lumnitzeri palaviensis, which grows here as the only place in the world. Pálava's most famous plants are probably blue or yellow irises or arenaria grandiflora, which grows in the so-called karst forest-steppes on the slopes of Děvín and Svatý kopeček. Further also the preserved areas of floodplain forest with oak and narrow-leaved ash at the Křivé jezero lake or remains of halophytic vegetation at the bank of the Nesyt pond near Sedlec.

Not only the flora, but also the fauna of Pálava is exceptionally rich thanks to the varied environmental conditions. Pálava lies on the border of Pannonian steppes and central European deciduous forests, that's why rare species, such as the praying mantis, live here along with commonly found stag beetle, golden beetle, and exceptionally also saga pedo. The reptiles are represented by a green lizard. There are birds of prey nesting in the area, including the sea eagle. The singers found here included the largest populations of Syrian Woodpecker, Barred Warbler, and Corn Bunting in the Czech Republic.The caves in the limestone cliffs as well as the woods are inhabited by several species of bats. The Thaya river is now relatively abundantly inhabited by European beaver.

Photo Gallery

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AdmirorGallery 4.5.0, author/s Vasiljevski & Kekeljevic.